tessting

Nakabushi and Tenbushi Futaoki. Also, the hishaku’s gou is 1 sun 9 bu to 2 sun large with the ro and 1 sun 7 bu to 8 bu large with the furo

This month’s Tankou had an article talking about the differences between Furo and Ro. While the things it mentions are fairly basic, I think it is easy to get them mixed up, especially if you haven’t studied tea that long. Two differences that I forget/mix up still are shifting towards the kensui when retreating from the tea room, and the position of pointer finger when holding the hishaku. What other differences are there between furo and ro?

The Difference in Utensils Between Furo and Ro
A bamboo futaoki is generally used for hakobi temae, and the position of the bamboo joint differs from furo to ro. In furo, it is a “tenbushi” (the joint is towards to top) and in ro, it is a “nakabushi” (the joint is around the middle). There are also special futaoki with two or more joints. There is an anecdote which says that Rikyuu told his sons Douan and Shouan to make a futaoki. One of them made a “tenbushi” one and other made a “nakabushi” one. Both of them being beautiful so hating to discard either one, Rikyuu Koji designated them for different using depending on the furo or ro, it is said.

The size of the gou of the hishaku (the cup) also differs. On a whole, the gou used with the furo is smaller. However, if a hanging kettle or a tsutsugama is used with the ro, a smaller hishaku can be used along with it. The difference of the hishaku is not limited to just the size of the gou. The kiridome (end) of the hishaku handle also differs. In order that the front side of the handle is longer for the furo and shorter for the ro, the end of the hishaku is cut diagonally. The reason for this difference is because way the hishaku is placed is different: For the furo it is placed face up and for the ro is it placed face down.
There is a famous poem that can be used to remembering this:

風そよぐならの小川の夕暮れは禊祓ぞ夏の印なりける
At dusk a gentle breeze blows along the streams of Nara
The only sign of summer is the misogi purification

“禊祓ぞ夏の印” (written with different kanji) can also mean “a sign of summer is the handle cut towards you”.
Translator note!–> The above poem is the 98th poem in the famed collection called “Ogura Hyakunin Shu”

Question: What sort of different utensils are used depending of the furo or ro?

Answer: The furo starts in May when we welcome the hot weather, so we use many dogu that express cool and freshness. The charcoal is shorter and thinner compared to the ro, and since less of it is used, the charcoal utensils are smaller. The kettle becomes smaller and the furo is placed in the corner of the room in order that the guests don’t feel as hot. In reverse, in order to help the guests feel cool, utensils relating to water become larger. For example, as the height of summer is neared, the large “hira-mizusashi” is used. Just viewing it, the guests will be able to feel refreshed. And in the tokonoma a basket vase is used.

A Word from the Teacher
What other differences are there between furo and ro? Let’s take a look at Rikyu’s 100 Proverbs.

風炉の時炭は菜籠にかね火箸ぬり香合に白檀をたけ
“With the furo, the charcoal in a vegetable basket, metal hibashi, a lacquered kougou, and burn sandalwood”
炉のうちは炭斗瓢柄の火箸陶器香合練香としれ
“With the ro, know to use a gourd sumitori, handled hibashi, ceramic kougou, and blended incense”

These teaches us that a woven sumitori, metal hibashi, a lacquered kougou, and wood incense is used with the furo. A dried and hollowed-out goard for sumitori, hibashi with wrapped handles, and ceramic kougou and blended incense is used with the ro. The ro sumitori is not limited to gourds, and baskets can be used too, but when first opening the ro, everybody knows to use a new gourd sumitori.

DSCN4699There is also the poem:

羽箒は風炉に右羽よ炉のときは左羽をば使うとぞしる
“The furo habouki is a right feather and a ro habouki is a left feather, of course!”

Whether the right side of the habouki feather is wider or the left side changes whether using it with a ro or furo. However, as you progress in your studies, you will find this is not always true such as in a gyakute room.

教えて先生!習いに役立つ
初心者のための基磨?講座(十八回)
「風炉」と「炉」の道具の違い
竹の蓋置は主に運びの点前で使用し、節の位置により風炉用と炉用の区別をします。風炉は天節(節が上部にある)、炉は中節(節が中ほどにある)です。特殊なものとして、二つ以上の節を含むものもあります。
逸話によると、利休居士が息子の道安と少庵に竹で蓋置を切るようにと命じたところ、一人は天節を、一人は中節を製作しました。その美的感覚は双方とも捨てがたいと思った利休居士が風炉用と炉用にと使い分けたと伝えられています。

柄杓は合(湯が入る部分)の大きさに違いがあり、一般的には風炉の方が小さくなっています。但し、炉でも釣釜などで筒釜などの小ぶりな釜を使用する時には合の小さい柄杓を合わせる場合もまります。
柄杓の違いは合の大きさだけではなく、柄の「切止」にも違いがあります。風炉の柄杓は皮目の方が長くなるように、炉の柄杓は皮目の方が短くなるように斜めにそぎ切りしてまります。これは釜の上に柄杓を置く向きが、風炉は仰向け、炉では伏せて置くことからの違いです。
覚える際には有名な和歌『風そよぐならの小川の夕暮れは禊祓ぞ夏の印なりける』の一部分をひいて「禊祓(身そぎ)ぞ夏(風炉の季節)の印なりける」と覚えると良いでしょう。

Q:風炉と炉における道具の違いとはどうんなものになるのですか。
A:風炉は、五月の初風炉から始まり、暑い季節に向かっていますので、爽やかさや涼しさを表現する道具が多くなります。炭の寸法や太さは、炉のそれと比べて短く細くなり、本数も少なくなりますので、まずは炭道具が小さくなります。釜も小ぶりになり、風炉は席中の隅に設置されますので、お客様に暑さを感じさせないように工夫されています。
それとは逆に、涼しさを感じさせる「水」に関係する道具が大ぶりになります。例えば、盛夏に近づくと水指は大きな平水指を用意し、お客様に目で見た目の涼しさを演出しますし、床の間には籠花入を使用します。

先生からのひとこと
風炉と炉とでは他にどのような違いがあるのでしょうか。まずは利休百首の歌を引いてみましょう。
風炉の時炭は菜籠にかね火箸ぬり香合に白檀をたけ
炉のうちは炭斗瓢柄の火箸陶器香合練香としれ
とあります。風炉の炭斗は籠製のもの、金属製の火箸、塗の香合、香木。炉は瓢の中身をくり抜いて乾燥させた炭斗、持ち手に柄の着いた火箸、陶器の香合に練香を入れて使用するという教えです。炉の炭斗は瓢に限らず籠も使用しますが、開炉に新瓢の炭斗を使用することはろく知られています。
羽箒は風炉に右羽よ炉のときは
左羽をば使うとぞしる
ともあり、羽箒は羽の右側が広いか、左側が広いかで、風炉用と炉用が変わります。但し、お稽古が進み逆手などの点前になりますとその限りではありません。

炉用(中節)、風炉用(天節)、炉用合が大きめ(一寸九分~二寸)、風炉用合が小さめ(一寸七分半~八分半)

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