Yae wrapped in Western clothing, photographed on November 3rd, the 21st year of Meiji. It was her birthday.
洋服に身を包んだ八重。明治21年11月3日撮影。この日は八重の誕生日だった。

The Tea of Neesima Yae and Urasenke (Pt. 1)
by HIROSE Chisako, Professor at Doshisha Women’s College

The main character of the 2013 NHK Taiga Drama, NEESIMA Yae, was born in Aidzu during the Bakumatsu period. Her lord’s House fell into the predicament of the Boshin War, so as a women she joined the front lines of the battle, fighting with her own gun that she carried. Also, after moving to Kyoto, as the wife of NEESIMA Jou who helped found Doshisha, she exerted herself as a volunteer nurse during the Sino-Japanese and Russo-Japanese Wars. Futhermore, Yae had one more face, that as a student of Urasenke Tea Ceremony.

The chajin Neeshima Souchiku (Yae’s tea name), who put on the kettle nearly every week at her teahouse which Ennousai christened Jakuchuu-an [Hermitage in the Midst of Tranquility], was a pioneer for today’s female chajin, and had left many footsteps for us to follow in. In this months edition, let us introduce the Tea of Neesima Yae, who lived through the Bakumatsu all the way until the Showa period, along with the Tea of Urasenke during that time.

The mascot character "Yae-san" of Doshisha College.

The mascot character “Yae-san” of Doshisha College.

Introduction
Many people know that Neeshima Yae (1845-1931) was the wife of Neesima Jou, the founder of Doshisha. But that she was the younger sister of YAMAMOTO Kakuma who worked as an advisor to the Kyoto Government on the modernization of Kyoto during the Meiji Restoration, less people realize. Yae, who happened to meet Neesima Jou (1943-90) through her brother Kakuma, along with people studying under Neesima Jou, were bound by fate with Urasenke. The ancestrial home of siblings Kakuma and Yae was Aidzu-han, the influential province in Tohoku, where they served for generations the House of YAMAMOTO, who were artillery instructors. Aidzu having allied with the shogunate and feeling the shame of defeat after the Boshin War, there was no encounter invited by the agitation of the Bakumatsu/Restoration period more unexpected than fate which led Yae to meet people in Kyoto. Truly, the union of Time, Place, People was a blessing bestowed upon Yae.

新島八重の茶の湯と裏千家
廣瀬千紗子 同志社女子大学教授

平成25年のNHK大河ドラマの主人公・新島八重は、幕末の会津に生まれ、主家が窮地に陥った戊辰戦争では、女性ながら戦線に加わり、自ら銃を執って奮戦しました。また、京都に移り住んでからは同志社の創諸者である新島襄の妻として、あるいは日清・日露戦争の篤志看護婦として活躍します。そして、八重にはもう一つ、裏千家茶道の門人しての顔がありました。

自邸内にある圓能斎命名の茶室寂中庵で毎週のように釜を懸ける茶人・新島宗竹(八重の茶名)は、近代の女性茶人の草分けとして、大きな足跡を残しています。今月号では、幕末から昭和までを生き抜いた新島八重の茶の湯を、当時の裏千家茶道のようすとともに紹介します。

はじめに
新島八重(一八四五~一九三一)は、同士社の創立者、新島襄夫人として知られるが、明治維新期に京都の近代化に尽力した京都府顧問、山本覚馬(一八二八~九二)の妹であることは、知る人ぞ知るところである。八重は、兄覚馬を通じて新島襄(一八四三~九〇)と出逢い、新島襄に学んだ人々とともに、裏千家との縁を結んだ。覚馬・八重兄妹の生家は東北の雄藩、会津藩に代々仕えた砲術師範、山本家である。幕府方にあって、戊辰戦争に敗北した無念を思えば、八重が京都で出会った人々との縁は、幕末維新期の激動が招き寄せた奇遇というほかはない。まさに、時と地と人の和合が、八重に与えた恩寵であった。

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