Sanzaru Futaoki

Koushin-machi
An event called Koushin-Machi or Koushin-Kou–when on the day of koushin ([also pronounced] kanoe saru), the three insects called joushi, chuushi, and geshi that live in the body are said to report to Heaven one’s crimes–became popular. It is believed one can preserve one’s long life span by gathering together on the day of koushin and worshiping Shoumen Kongou by reading scriptures, chatting, and eating until daybreak.

Gengensai Favoured Sanzaru Futaoki, Made by Keiju
Gengensai stated this preference in the first year of Man’en (1860), which was the year of Koushin. It is a lid rest modeled after the three “see no evil, speak no evil, hear no evil” monkeys. The three monkeys are messengers of the principle deity of Koushin-machi, Shoumen Kongou.

Nota Bene: Koushin is just a date, using the sexagenary cycle that was common back in day. It was used for both years and days. The kou (kanoe) is the heavenly stem associated with yang metal, and the shin (saru) is the earthly stem associated with the zodiacal monkey and late afternoon.

庚申待ち
庚申(かのえさる)の日には体中に住む上尸・中尸・下尸という虫が天上界にその罪状を報告するといわれ、「庚申待ち」また「庚申講」が広まった。庚申の日に寄り合い、青面金剛などを本尊として、読経、歓談、飲食を夜明けまで行うことで、命を長らえることができると信じられていた。

玄々斎好 三猿蓋置 慶入作
万延元年(1860)の庚申年に好まれた、不見・不言・不聞の三猿をかたどった蓋置。三猿は庚申待ちの本尊、青面金剛のお使いといわれる。

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