2. The Yin and Yang of a Chakai

Rikyu said that in a sukiya tea room, the concept behind the first and second seating is that the first half is yin and the second half is yang, and that is an important rule. During the first seating, a scroll is in the alcove, the strength of the kettle’s fire is weak, blinds are in the window. Various things give the seating the feeling of yin. Both the host and guests, have that heart. During the second seating, flowers are arranged, the kettle is boiling, the blinds are removed, and everything has the feeling of yang. Although this is an important rule, this can be altered at the tea master’s discretion, depending on clear or cloudy weather, the temperature and humidity. For example, when the weather is gloomy, one can remove the blinds, open the skylight, or have flowers arranged, even during the first seating. However, we must not think in the least that it is now yang. Since of most importance is the condition of the fire, it is from that we should say yin or yang. And in such times, the second seating is never considered yin. We should base it upon the aforementioned condition of the fire.

There are two elements (ie. yin and yang) between Heaven and Earth. During the hot Spring and Summer seasons, there are rather cold days, and during the cold Autumn and Winter seasons, there are warm days. Nevertheless, we do not say Autumn is Spring, nor do we say Winter is Summer, despite the variations within one season. So Rikyu said. Dairin and Shourei were at that seating and hear him say it too. Indeed, they admired him, saying he possessed a state of intuitive enlightenment and his tea was of great wisdom.

二茶会の陰と陽。

数奇屋ニテ、初座・後座ノ趣向ノコト、休云、初ハ陰、後ハ陽、コレ大法也、座ニ床ハカケ物、釜モ火アイ衰ヘ、窓ニ簾ヲカケ、ヲノヽヽ一座陰ノ体ナリ、主客トモニ其心アリ、後座ハ花ヲイケ、釜モワキタチ、簾ハヅシナド、ミナ陽ノ体ナリ、如(レ)此大法ナレドモ、天気ノ晴クモリ、寒温暑湿ニシタカイテ変体ヲスルコト、茶人ノ料簡ニアリ、タトヘバ欝々シキ天気ナドノ時、初座簾ヲハヅシ、ツキ上ゲヲアゲ、花ヲイケナドスルコトアリ、サレドモ一向二陽トハ心得ベカラス、火アイヲ似て第一トスルユヘ、如(レ)此ノ体ヲ陰陽ト云ベシ、此時トテモ後座ヲ陰ニスルト云コトハナシ、右火アヒニテ勘弁スベシ、天地ノ間ニ気モ、春夏ノ温暑ノ時モフト寒冷ノコトアリ、秋冬ノ冷寒ノ時モフトアタ、カナル日アリ、サレドトテ春ヲ秋トモ云ハズ、夏ヲ冬トモ云ザレガゴトシ、一季ノ内ノ変ナレバナリ、能々分別スベキヨシノ玉ヒシニ、大林、笑嶺モ一座ニテ聞玉ヒ、ゲニヽヽ教外別伝ノ地位、大悟ノ茶ト云ベシト感心アリシナリ、

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