YAMADA Torajirou (Gaigaku Souyuu) having a smoke on the hookah

Sohen-ryu is a school of tea, but I have never had to fortune to attend a chakai in the style.

Souhen-ryuu and Turkey
by YAO Yoshio, Part-time lecturer at Kyoto University of Arts and Design

What sort of impressions does everyone have when thinking of Turkey? You might immediately think of it as one of the three countries famous for their cruisine and some of you might know it for being a prominently pro-Japan country. But actually, the relationship between Turkey and Japan has had a large part to do with the previous iemoto of Souhen-ryuu.
Torajirou was born as the second son of the chief retainer in Kouzuke-no-Kuni Numata-han (Gunma Prefecture, Numata City) and adopted into the House of Yamada to become the 8th generation iemoto Gaigaku Souyuu (Keiou 2-Showa 32/1866-1957). In Meiji 23 (1890) when Torajirou was working as a journalist, a warship of the Ottoman-Turkish Empire, the Erutouururu, was shipwrecked en route home in the ocean near Wakayama Prefecture, Kushimoto-chou. This incident was picked up as news and memorials were held under modern day Wakayama Prefecture. Torajirou, as a journalist, compiled a memorial and gathered donations for the families of the victims from civilians. Following the recommendation of the Minister of Foreign Affairs, who was deeply impressed by his spirit, Torajirou received a warm welcome personally visiting the capital of the Ottoman-Turkish Empire, Istanbul, to report the donations. After that, he worked hard as a businessman to be a bridge between the two countries. Then, in Taisho 12 (1923), inheriting the position of iemoto, Souyuu (Torajirou) launched the Souhen-ryuu bulletin “Chi-in” and made efforts for the systematision of the tea school. Recently, there have been books publish giving a new look at his life, and hereafter Torajirou has become an fundamental character when talking about chanoyu in recent history.

宗徧流とトルコ
図解でたどる茶の湯あれこれ
八尾嘉男・京都造形芸術大学非常勤講師
トルコと聞きますとみなさまはどのような印象をお持ちでしょうか?世界三大料理の一つで有名な国といったことなどがすぐに思い浮かびますし、有数の親日国家としてご存知の方もいらっしゃることでしょう。実は、トルコと日本の関係は、後の宗徧流の家元が大きく関与していました。
上野国沼田藩(群馬県沼田市)家老の次男としてうまれた寅次郎、後の八世家元・外学宗有(慶応二年~昭和三十二年・一八六六年~一九五七年)は山田家に養子入りします。寅次郎が言論界で活動していた明治二十三年(一八九〇)、日本から帰国途上にあったオスマントルコ帝国の軍艦・エルトゥールル号が和歌山県串本町沖で遭難事件を起こします。この事件は現在も和歌山県下で追悼供養される様子が報道で取り上げられますが、寅次郎は言論界で築いた人脈を活かして民間から犠牲者遺族に対する義捐金を募りました。その心意気に感銘を受けた外務大臣の勧めに従い、自らオスマントルコ帝国の首都・イスタンブールに義捐金を届けに訪れた寅次郎は大歓迎を受け、その後、両国の架け橋役や実業家として活躍します。そして、大正十二年(一九二三)に家元を継承した宗有は、宗徧流の機関誌『知音』と創刊し、流派の組織化に尽力しました。近年、図書の刊行で改めてクローズアップされた存在ですが、寅次郎は今後、近代の歴史、茶の湯を語る上で欠かせない一人となるでしょう。

水煙草でちょっと一服の山田寅次郎(外学宗有)

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