Concerned with what he ate until the moment of his death
Ishida Mitsunari

Picture Caption: Nira (Chinese Chive) Rice
While fleeing, his abdomen damaged, Mitsunari suffered from geri. The Jouzan Kidan says that Mitsunari, upon consuming the nira rice prepared by Tanaka Yoshimasa, threw himself down and slept soundly snoring. It’s because nira rice has the effect of mitigating stomache pain.

During a meal, the living styles and beliefs of those eating are projected. As the only one of the five commissioners in the Toyotomi administration who worked hard, Mitsunari became the losing general during the great defeat at the decisive battle of Sekigahara. Come see how he lived in this book “The Food of Samurai.”

He recovered from abdominal pain by eating nira rice
Due to his victory at the Battle of Sekigahara, the hegemony of the representative general of the eastern army, Tokugawa Ieyasu, become rock solid and heralded the demise of the Toyotomi period. However there was one man who refused to give up until the very end, who devoted himself steadfastly to the House of Toyotomi. That man was Ishida Mitsunari.
Mitsunari, as the brains behind the Toyotomi administration, primarily showed an extraordinary shrewdness as the face of the administration. His wisdom is illustrated in the anecdote of his meeting with Hideyoshi.
While falconing, Hideyoshi rested at the temple on the way. In order to quench his thirst, he called for some tea. The one serving him was Mitsunari, at that time 14 or 15 years old. Mitsunari first served an easy to drink “weak tea in a large bowl.” When Hideyoshi requested tea once again, Mitsunari served a second cup of “slightly hot tea in a mid-sized bowl,” and a third cup of “hot thick tea in a small bowl.” Hideyoshi was so impressed by such modest thoughtfulness that he immediately took Mitsunari into his attendance.
Let us return to the story of the Battle of Sekigahara. Even after his defeat, Mitsunari, who prayed for security of the House of Toyotomi, never let his belief waver. There are two episodes relating to food that symbolize this.
After Mitsunari was captured by Tanaka Yoshimasa, he requested nira rice in response to Yoshimasa’s desire to serve him a last meal. Nira helps the digestive system work, improves circulation, and has a warming effect on the body, so it has been used since olden times for indigestion and over sensitivity to the cold. Furthermore, since the fragrant compound of allyl sulfide aids in the absorption of Vitamin B1 and promotes the break down of sugars, nira works to advance the regeneration of energy. In reality, Mitsunari was tormented by intense abdominal pain and suffered from geri during his flight. In other words, it was not at all with the spirit of being a last meal, but for the sake of easing stomach pains and maintaining high spirits that he ate nira rice.

Menu: Nira Rice, Pickles
Ingredients: Nira (Garlic Chives), White rice

死に際まで食を気遣った
石田三成

ニラ雑炊
敗走中、腹をこわし、下痢に苦しんでいた三成。「常山紀談」には、田中吉政が用意したニラ雑炊を平らげると、三成はごろりと横になり、高いびきをかいて眠ってしまった、とある。ニラ雑炊には、腹痛を和らげる効果があるのだ

食事には、食する者の生き方や信念も投影される。豊臣政権で五奉行のひとりとして活躍しながらも、天下分け目の閑ヶ原の合戦で大敗、敗軍の将となった石田三成。その『武士のメシ』からは彼の生き様が見えてくる。

ニラ雑炊を食べて腹痛から回復
閑ヶ原の合戦の勝利によって、東軍総代将・徳川家康の覇権は盤石となり、豊臣の時代は終罵を迎えた。だが最後まで諦めず、豊臣家に忠義を尽そうとする男がいた。石田三成である。
三成は豊臣政権のブレーンとして、主に行政面で辣腕をふるった。彼の才気は秀吉との出会いの逸話にも表れている。
秀吉は鷹狩の途中ある寺に立ち寄り、喉の渇きを癒すために茶を所望した。その接侍に当ったのが、当時14、15歳の三成だった。三成ははじめに飲みやすい「大きな茶碗にぬる加減の茶」を差し出し、秀吉がさらに茶を求めると、2杯目に「中碗にやや熱めの茶」を、三杯目には「小さな茶碗に熱くて濃茶」を差し出した。秀吉はその細やかな心配りに感心し、すぐに三成を近侍にとりたてた。
話を関ヶ原の合戦に戻そう。敗戦後も、豊臣家の安泰を願う三成の信念に揺らぎはなかった。そのことは食に関する2つのエピソードが象徴している。
徳川方の田中吉政に捕縛された三成は、吉政の「最後の食事をふるまいたい」との申し出に対し、ニラ雑炊を求めた。ニラは胃腸の働きを整えたり、血行をよくして体を温める効果があり、古くから消化不良や冷え性に用いられてきた。さらに香り成分の硫化アリルがビタミンB1の吸収を助け、糖分の分解を促進させるため、エネルギー代謝を向上させる働きもあった。実は三成は、敗走中に猛烈な腹痛におそわれ、下痢に苦しんでいた。つまり彼にはこの食事を最後にする気は毛頭なく、腹痛を平らげ、鋭気を養うためにニラ雑炊を食したのだ。

お献立
ニラ雑炊
漬け物
食材
ニラ
白米

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