This is a bit from the Sumibiki (Crossed-out) chapter of the Nampouroku (The Southern Record) on my favourite subject: kanewari!^_^

1. What are kanewari?
From the Shoin-style daisu to Soan-style tea, the number of kanewari has already been decided. Since nobody knows how it was decided which ruler to originally rely upon, it is quite a bother.
There is an approximate measure based on the order of heaven and earth. Adding doyo to the four seasons makes five. Adding the center to the four directions makes five. The day is divided into five from the hour of the dragon to the hour of the monkey. The night is divided into five hours. Yin and yang are each explained by five elements. A person, too, is divided into five body parts. Thus we have a ruler for establishing five kane from things such as these. There is no difference between large and small kane. There are five yang kane. Yang is what expresses the shape (katachi). The space between these five kane are six yin kane. Formally, we use the five yang kane. We don’t usually use the six kane. In Soan-style chanoyu, there are circumstances under which the yin and yang are used together, which is said to be based upon the formal daisu and formal shoin-style tea. This is based on the circumstances under which both yin and yang are used together with the shoin-style daisu. If one doesn’t understand what circumstances, mistakes will occur without a doubt. If one investigates the foundations of kane intimatly, one can use them freely however one likes, it is said.

一曲尺割とは何か。
書院・台子・草庵ニ至ルマテ、カネワリノ数ヲ定ルコト、根本何ノカネニ本ジキテ極メタルコトヲ人皆シラザルガユヘニ、事ニ依テ迷惑スルナリ、凡天地順行ノカネアリ、四季ニ土用ヲ加ヘテ節ヲ五つニタテ、四方ニ中央ヲ加ヘテ五ツヲ立、一日ヲ辰ヨリ申ノ五時ニワカチ、夜ヲ五更ニワカツ、陰陽五気ニアラワレテ、人モ五ノ体ヲワクル等ノモトヅキニテ五ツガネヲ定規トシテ、大モ小モ此カネ違フコトナシ、五ハ陽数ナリ、形ニアラハル、モノハ陽ナリ、此五ツガネノ間々六ヲ、陰ノカネトス、本式ニハ陽ノ五ツヲ用テ、六ハ常ニ不(レ)用、草庵ノ茶ノ湯ハ、台子本式・書院ノ格式ヲ本トスルトイヘトモ、陰陽トモニ用ル子細アリ、書院台子ニモ陰陽トモニ用ル子細ニモトツキテノコトナリ、其子細ヲ絵得セザレハ必相違スルコトナリ、ネンゴロニ根源ヲキハメヌレハ、イカヤウニモ自由ナルコトト云ゝ

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