Tea Ceremony and Fortune-telling:
“Hot Water” and Creation (Part 3)
By Souchuu Sekine

The formation with fortunetelling of the eight trigrams, which observe the rules and phenomena of whole creation, is something showing the ideal condition (out of) every possible thing’s variations and expectations. These eight trigrams, because of the use of the eight trigram tray in the teaching of the Gyou-no-Gyou Daisu, is an extremely intimate matter as far as tea people are concerned.

As for fortunetelling, for the sake of advancing the sympathy of the various phenomena and rules of whole creation, we can moreover try to decipher the combination of the eight trigrams (the small-life trigrams) in lower and higher positions. Eight times eight trigrams equals sixty four trigrams (completed trigrams). Each single trigram has six yao. Multiply by sixty four trigrams, we get three hundred and eighty four individual yao terms (explanatory figures). As for the yao, yang is shown as | and yin is shown as :.

Here, let’s try and see about the trigram ☵☲, made by stacking the trigram of water (kan) ☵ and the trigram of fire (ri) ☲.

In the sixty four trigrams, positioned as the sixty third, this trigram is named the “Already Settled”. This trigram’s term is called completion. It is 「始吉終乱」 (at the beginning good fortune, at the end disorder).

In accordance with viewpoint of trigrams, let’s prepare to gaze at this trigram.

1) The outer trigram by way of fire is yang. The inner trigram by way of water is yin. The inner and outer trigrams make intercourse by way of yin-yang.

2) Becuase the yin yao : is an even number, it is called “six”. Because the yang yao | is an odd number, it is called “nine”. As for ☵☲, each yao is called by the name noted in the right column above. Because the trigram is a thing that generates from the bottom, the lowest is ranked first. This first one, a nine yao because it is a odd number, is |; yang is correct. The second, fourth, and sixth above this one, because they are yin and even numbers, are called “six”. The yao is :.

3) Each “First-9 and 6-2” “9-3 and 6-4” “9-5 and Upper-6” make intercourse between yang and yin. The yang fire opposite the above and the yin water opposite the below, yin-yang makes intercourse.

4) Yang is odd; yin is even. A yang yao has an odd number’s position and a yin yao has an even number’s position. All have a correct position.

Understanding the structure of the trigrams is extraordinarily complicated. I haven’t explained it in detail, but the trigrams and yao terms (explanations) understood from various standpoints of the intercourse of yin-yang will be done.

易とは、森羅万象の法則や現象を観察して八卦を作り、ありとあらぬる事の変化や予測等、有るべき相を示す物で有る。此八卦は、行之行台子伝法で八卦盆を使用する事から、茶人にとって馴染み深い物で有る。

易は森羅万象諸現象や法則の理解を進める為に八卦(小生卦)を上下に組み合わせ、八卦X八卦=六十四卦(大成卦)と、それぞれの一卦の六爻X六十四卦=三八四の爻のそれぞれの辞(解説文)を加えて読み解こうとする。爻とは陽は|で表わし、陰は:で表わす。

茲で、「水」(坎)の卦☵と「火」(離)の卦☲が重なり合った卦「☵☲」に就いて見て見たい。

六十四卦の六十三番目に位置する此卦を「既済」と称して居る。此卦の辞は、完成とも言われ、「始吉終乱」(始めは吉で有るが、終わりに乱れる)と有る。

此卦を卦の見方に従って眺めて措こう。

①外卦は火で陽、内卦は水で陰、内卦と外卦が陰陽で交合する。

②陰:の爻は偶数で「六」を付けて呼び、陽|の爻は奇数で「九」を付けて呼ぶ。 ☵☲と各爻に就いて上記卦の右側に記した名称で呼ぶ。卦は下から生じる物ので、一番下が一番目の位で有り、此一番目は奇数の為、茲の爻は|で有り、陽が正しい。此れより上の二、四、六は偶数で陰で有る為「六」を付けして呼び、爻は:で有る。

③それぞれ「初九と六二」「九三と六四」「九五と上六」が陽と陰で交合する。陽で有る火は上に、陰で有る水は下に向かい、陰陽が交合する。

④奇数は陽、偶数は陰。奇数の位置に陽爻、偶数の位置に陰爻が有り、全て正しい位置に有る。

卦の構造の理解は非常に複雑で有り、詳しくは述べないが、陰陽交合を色々な立場から捉えて卦や爻の辞(解説)を行う事に成る。

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