Tea Ceremony and Fortune-telling:
“Hot Water” and Creation (Part 2)
By Souchuu Sekine

From here, we will try to consider about the creation of hot water, that is to say, the condition of the water for the sake of making a bowl of good tea. In the Namboroku’s Posthumous, next is such a description about the condition of the fire and water.

In a certain time, a time when there was a recess at the house and hospital tea has been said (to be delicious?), the looked for reason was the condition of the fire and water. When it has been said, this outline of the story is an extremely superb thing. In the method of medicine, use a tonic based on a literary fire or a martial fire, and also it is said a cold drink is used for a fever and a hot drink is used for a cold and so on. There is the suitability of all hot water tonics. Concerning tea during a recess, if there is not at least particularly the thing of a prepared fire, there is not a good drink of tea. It has been unconsciously felt that, truly, using a cup is undoubtedly worthy of being a panacea. Well, although there is this shallow styled reputation, the said name “chanoyu” includes this very deep truth that (you) should know and so on. Leaving this spirit increasingly aside, since just because a doctor comes and sees, starting only after the circumstances of the charcoal, it is that the spirit of ‘this time only’ is just this condition of the fire and water.

Tea making, in other words, the host’s duties (done) in order to make a good cup of tea, or the importance of the fire’s condition for the sake of the hot water’s condition is described. It is by the fire’s condition, that is the condition of the charcoal fire and the matter of the hot water’s condition, that is the condition of the host water created accordingly by seikasui and the charcoal fire. It is deeply interesting that the point is affirmed that chanoyu’s starting point is the hot water created by means of the intercourse, unity and divine response of water (or yin) and fire (or yang) and that the hot water’s condition and the starting condition of the fire from this charcoal is from the spirit of ‘this time only’. From the said point of in what way the so called chanoyu’s designation important to hot water suitable for tea is probably the origin. As a result of the creation of this completed hot water, how is fortunetelling probably connected?

茲で「湯」の創造、詰り、服の良き御茶の為の湯相に就いて考えて見たい。『南方録』「滅後」に、火相、湯相に就いて次のように述べて居る。

アル時、休ガ宅ヘ施薬院茶申ケル時、火アヒ・湯アヒト云コトヲ尋ラレシユヘ、此アラマシ御物語申ケレバ、尤至極ノコト也、醫ノ方ニ、文火・武火薬ニ依テ用、寒飲熱用、熱飲寒用ナド云コトモ、ミナ湯薬ノ相應也、休ノ茶ハサホドマデ燬煉ノコトナレバ、茶ノヨキノミナラズ、服用シテマコトニ仙薬タルベシト感セラレシナリ、サテコソアサ〱シキヤウナル名ナレドモ、茶ノ湯ト云名、深々ノ道理ヲフクメルト知ベシト云々、ソレヨリマス〱此心ヲ博ニシテ見来レバ、炭ノ次第ヨリ始テ、一座一会ノ心、只コノ火相・湯相ノミナリ、

点茶、即ち亭主の役割として、服の良き御茶を点てる為に、湯相其の為の火相が肝要で有る事を述べて居る。火相とは炭火の加減で有り、湯相とは井華水と炭火によって創造される湯加減の事で有る。茶の湯の原点が「水即ち陰」と「火即ち陽」の交合・和合・感応による「湯」の創造に有り、この炭から始まる火相と湯相が一座一会の心で有ると断言して居る点は興味深い。いわゆる「茶の湯」の呼称は茶に相応するための湯が如何に重要で有るかという点から由来するので有ろう。此完成された「湯」を創造するために易がどのように関わって居るのだろうか。

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